Phonetic transcription used in blog :

Phonetic transcription used in the blog :

Word start with

Word ending with

Pronounce as

Examples / as in


aa /

balm, father


a /

bed, pet


e /

bid, pit


O /



uhu /

put, full


ng /अं


Monday, January 19, 2009


Vegetables (Hamañ) and Fruits(Ahi-amer) available in Tanii Ganda (Ziro) :

Lai hamañ : Pusley (Portulaca oleracea)

Patho Hamañ: ??

Nyihi Tami Hamañ: ??

Pachu-Koyu Hamañ: ??

Pakhu-Harbu Hamañ: ??

Hiiro Hamañ: ??

Hiinyur Hamañ :
Tai Hamañ: Amaranthus spinosus

Raru hamañ : Piper brachystachyum.

Lepi :Chinese Green Onion (Allium fistulosum).

Mepi Hamañ:

Aji-padii Hamañ : Cardamine hirsuta

Ngiilyañ khiiko Hamañ :Asiatic pennywort (Centella asiatica).

Hiigu hamañ : Japanese parsley (Oenanthe javanica).

Genda Hamañ :Redflower Ragleaf(Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Siya Hamañ :Heartleaf (Houttuynia cordata Thunb).

O Khuyi Hamañ :Oxalis corniculata /Oxalis dillenii

Yorkhun hamañ : Toothache plant; paracress (Acmella oleracea)

Amu peroon : Soya (Glycine max)

Tali yordu:Chilly (Capsicum anuum)

Taju/Taji riyañ : Job's Tears (Coix lacryma jobi).

Nendu : Sesame, Sesamum indicum

Lepi :Chinese Green Onion (Allium fistulosum).

Gyiyañ Hamañ :Brassica juncea var.

Hiika Hamañ : Edible Fern

Yarkhuñ : Zanthoxylum sp.

Sanii Tero : Litsea cubeba

Sanko :

Behe : Bamboo shoot

Tanyi : Maize/Corn(Zea mais)

Tiibe Akho :Sugarcane stalk.

Takki : Ginger

Perooñ : Peas

Inghey :Malanga/Taro (Colocasia esculenta).

Epe/Tape : Pumpkin(Cucurbita moschata).

Epe/Tape Hamañ :Pumpkin leaf(Cucurbita moschata).

Pinchu/Pinta : Bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria ).

Ish-kus(assamese/hindi name ??) :Chayote (Sechium edule).

Takku : Cucumber (Cucumis sativus).

Beyooñ : Currant Tomato (Solanum pimpinellifolium).

Jisu Ahi(To be confirm):  Cape gooseberry ( Physalis peruviana).

Byako : Solanum indicum (A bitter taste, tiny vegetable)

Hula :

Nash pathi : Asian Pear
(Assamese name-Local name not known).

Pallañ Tiingha : Apricot

Bachiñ Myrica esculenta

BachiñMyrica esculenta (Photo source)

Jojuru ahi : Balsam pear fruit(wild fruit)

Yoyu Ahi : Wild Berries.
 ( Different varieties of Yoyu (wild berries)- "Pyatii-Yoyu, Pyapiñ-Yoyu & Emo-Yoyu" are found at forest of Ziro in different seasons of the year, some are edible and some are non-edible. There is a Traditional belief that when "Yoyu-Ahi" are abundance more mice and rats in the forest are expected. ).

Sanko Ahi : Wild Berries.

 Sanchi ahi :

Gende Ahi :

Piita ahi : wild edible fruit

Takuñ : Peach

Semo / Sembo : Wild edible cherry

Parii-Molañ : Non-edible wild fruit.

Pudu Ahi :

Kubu-Sanko Ahi: Non-edible wild fruit.
Pinchu Tiingha : Pear(Pyrus pashia)

Kiira Ahi : Chestnut(seeds of Castanopsis spp)

    Sai Ahi: A kind of edible wild nut.
(Its kernel is very tasty specially after roasting and it is also a favourite of wild boar.)

Tiira Ahi: A kind of edible wild nut

Tamiñ Ahi : Mahonia nepalensis's fruit.

Subu Tute :

Aki Jilyunñ :A wild berry
(Edible but not of much taste).

Samper Ahi : ???

Salyo :Michelia champaca seeds.

( There are four varieties of Salyo found in Ziro- Puha Salyo, Lyoje Salyo, and two more.
 "Puha Salyo" are usually found in the Bamboo Garden near village.
 "Lyoje Salyo" are usually found in the Deep forest and is more tastier than the Puha Salyo.)
Puha Salyo :

Tero Yorhañ: Raw Pepper

Tero Yorsiñ: Dry Pepper

Muku : A Local Tobacco
Entii-Tare Ahi : A Wild Kiwi, is smaller in size, the edible portion is more dense,it tastes
             as good as hybrid kiwi and it don't have hair like the hybrid Kiwi.

Kiidi Payu :A wild small plant.
( An adhesive is extracted from roots by grinding the roots. The extracted Payu (Adhesive) is used for catching birds and dragon fly. There are two kind of Payu (Extracted adhesive) namely Kiidi-Payu and Santu-Payu. In Kiidi-Payu, Payu is extracted from the roots of the plant hence named Kiidi(Soil)-Payu and in Santu-Payu, Payu is extracted from the small berry like fruits of tree, hence named Santu(Tree)-Payu. ).

To be continue............


  1. Docynia indica is the botanical name of Pecha ahi.


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